May 24, 2022

Demonstration Plan to Create Taiwan Urban and Rural Style Features (2001-2004)

May 24, 2022
- Overview:

The urban and rural style renovation policy aims to create a new home with "culture, greenness and beauty", and pursues the combination of ecological, historical and cultural, competitiveness, sustainable development and other ideas and concepts, which has gone beyond the simplified concept of "landscape greening and beautification" , and become a learning process of continuous improvement through creative thinking, mobilization and accumulation of recognition from the community to the local government, and even an important catalyst for local revitalization and regeneration.

In 2001, the Ministry of the Interior submitted to the Executive Yuan for approval of the "Demonstration Plan for Creating Taiwan's Urban and Rural Landscapes", which became a medium and long-term implementation plan of the central government. From 2001 to 2004,the subsidy budget had been continuously compiled, and the relevant operation plans such as the implementation mechanism, budget and work specifications of the plan had been preliminarily completed.

Since 2003, this plan has been further divided into two sub-projects: "Urban Landform Reconstruction" and "Residential Landscape Building", and different mechanisms are set up to implement:

  1. "Urban Landform Reconstruction": requires a thematic plan at the urban scale, focusing on "plan creativity" and "team lineup" in terms of goals and strategies for competitive subsidies. The purpose is similar to the "Landscape Design Award", and the purpose is to encourage municipalities, county (city) government actively explores the potential of various local special landscape resources, and in accordance with the mainstream value concepts of the new century, combined with an excellent professional planning team, by expanding public participation, eliminating the traditional method of engineering construction, and actively thinking about culture quality and creative methods, put forward an environmental sustainable management plan, which is positioned as an important indicator plan for the development of local urban landforms.

    In addition, based on the concept of "key subsidies, comprehensive care", "policy-guided" and "competitive" subsidies are adopted, and key projects are set to base on the principles of "decrement", "ecology", "environmental rectification", and "simple landscaping", guide the local government to carry out planned and systematic gradual improvement of important landscape strongholds with the correct concept, and concentrate resources for effective use.

  2. "Community style creation": through the overall construction mobilization and operation process of the community, construct the community proposal and implementation mechanism, and strive to "promote the local residents to plan by themselves", and through the subsidy construction of the "community planner" system, and encourage self-construction by "employing workers to purchase materials" to achieve the goal of community development.

  3. Pilot the system of "General Consultant of Environmental Landscape" to provide relevant suggestions and advice to the authorities.

Therefore, although the urban and rural style subsidy plan takes the form of substantial environmental renovation projects, its essence is a social movement that transforms community experience and values into connotations. In addition to the provision of subsidy funds, more emphasis is placed on the establishment of relevant mechanisms, supporting counseling, the enhancement of value vision, and the participation of the public in building and other important links, in order to innovate the connotation and experience of traditional public works and establish a model.

In order to ensure that the urban and rural landscape renovation movement can be carried out step by step and towards the goal of sustainable development, this plan develops short-term, medium-term and long-term strategies (with a period of four years) as the basis for promoting strategies:

  • Short-term and medium-term strategies/resource integration, continuous subsidy, expansion of advocacy, consensus building, vision description, and improvement of work and examination mechanisms

    1. Establish a complete plan review, management and examination mechanism and performance evaluation index (guideline), effectively integrate the human and material resources of the established plans of various ministries and committees, and continuously subsidize the seven major types of urban and rural landscape reconstruction plans, and take the plan review as the achievement of the annual promotion plan and comprehensively review the relevant plans formulated by the department in the past years, such as the "Plan for Expanding Domestic Demand - Creating a New Urban and Rural Landscape Plan", "Subsidy for Urban Design and Water-friendly Construction", and "Promoting Urban Renewal Plan", andthe implementation results of various planning and design subsidy cases will be reviewed in a timely manner for the next year's key and priority subsidy projects to facilitate the effective use of funds and resources to demonstrate specific performance.

    2. Implement the principle of "One Township, One Characteristic", guide the township and town (city, district) offices to stimulate creativity, formulate an overall medium and long-term demonstration construction plan, and implement and promote it year by year.

    3. Cooperate with the 921 earthquake disaster reconstruction plan and local reconstruction outline plan, and subsidize the demonstration landscape remodeling plan.

    4. Continue to strengthen educational advocacy measures such as holding lectures, training, observation and selection, etc., and consider organizing large-scale expositions to induce residents to draw a common vision, gather awareness of community transformation, and guide local governments to rethink the positioning of urban and rural development, integrate the existing urban and rural resources to be engaged in the related reconstruction and construction.

    5. Comprehensively promote the urban design and urban and rural landscape planning system, build a legal system and related operating manuals, conduct relevant consulting and guidance, and conduct basic surveys to lay the foundation for the overall implementation of the system.

    6. To comply with the Urban Renewal Regulations and the Cultural Assets Preservation Law, induce and promote the renovation and maintenance of urban renewal, and integrate the local life and cultural landscape, reorganize historical memory and life order, and promote cultural reconstruction.

  • Long-term strategy / establishment of public-private partnership business model, legalization of system rules For the sustainable development of urban and rural style reconstruction and construction, the support of the overall social system and physical fitness is a necessary condition. Therefore, the above-mentioned urban and rural style medium-term construction strategy is intended to use the subsidy system and related measures to construct a demonstration plan and increase its visibility. Its most important significance is to use concrete action results to correct the deviation of the previous development concept,establish a consensus on new values, effectively transform the current social and urban and rural development system and constitution, and lay a solid foundation for the sustainable development of urban and rural style features.

    Looking forward to the future, through the concept, experience and system of urban and rural management; the experience and system of comprehensive promotion of urban design and urban and rural landscape planning; funds and induce local governments to actively raise their own financial resources,under complete statutory rules, the local governments can use the correct development concept and establish a public-private partnership business model. By promoting various constructions, the Taiwan's urban and rural development will be directed towards the participation of all people, recognition, and cooperation to realize the realm of environmental symbiosis and co-prosperity.
- Objectives:
  1. Formally establish a community planner system;
  2. Strengthen public participation, create opportunities for national mobilization, and build group consensus;
  3. Emphasize the concepts of life, human nature, symbiosis and conservation, and present a new vision of value in the 21st century;
  4. Utilize the concept of entrepreneurship with the characteristics of local resources to drive employment development and enhance social competitiveness;
  5. Develop the technology and experience in planning and construction, encourage substantial environmental transformation, and embrace the concept of new dwelling and living spaces;
  6. Emphasize the relevant oriented system integration and construction to transform the constitution of social development.